Canada Permanent Residence

Temporary Resident to Permanent Resident (TR to PR) – Main Programs

Published by
Indira Duarte

Following the success of the TR to PR pathway, there is increasing interest in exploring new programs that facilitate the transition from Temporary Resident (TR) to Permanent Resident (PR) status in Canada. This change represents the hopes and dreams of many who arrive in Canada in pursuit of new beginnings and abundant opportunities. Explore the various programs available today!

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For many temporary residents, whether they are students, workers, or visitors, the idea of transitioning to permanent residency isn’t just about extending their stay in Canada or paying a permanent residence fee; it’s about laying the groundwork for a future filled with greater stability, access to a wider array of benefits, and the chance to fully integrate into the Canadian society and lifestyle.

However, the path from TR to PR is far from straightforward. It’s a route defined by various immigration programs, each with its unique set of criteria, processes, and requirements.

Understanding the different programs that could take you from TR to PR is crucial, as it not only helps in identifying the most suitable pathway for your situation but also significantly enhances the chances of a successful application. Whether it’s through the Express Entry system, the Provincial Nominee Programs, or other specialized routes, navigating the complexities of these options requires a clear and informed approach.

Temporary vs. Permanent Residency

In Canada, residency status is broadly categorized into two types: Temporary Residency (TR) and Permanent Residency (PR).

Temporary Residency (TR) refers to those who are in Canada for a limited period. This includes students, workers on temporary permits, or visitors. As a Temporary Resident, you are bound by specific conditions, such as the length of your stay, the nature of your work or study, and restrictions on accessing certain social benefits. For example, while temporary workers can work and live in Canada, they do so with the understanding that their status is not intended for permanence.

On the other hand, Permanent Residency (PR) is a status granting someone the right to live and work in Canada indefinitely. Permanent Residents can access most social benefits, including healthcare and social services, similar to Canadian citizens. They can work, study, and travel anywhere within Canada. However, unlike citizens, PRs cannot vote in elections and are subject to residency obligations to maintain their status (staying in Canada for at least two out of every five years). PR status is also a prerequisite for Canadian citizenship.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Program

Transitioning from TR to PR is a significant step, and choosing the right immigration program is critical. Each program under Canadian immigration law is designed with specific objectives and targets different groups of immigrants based on factors like skills, experience, and family ties.

Selecting the appropriate program is not just about eligibility; it’s about aligning your own long-term goals and circumstances with the program that best suits your profile. For instance, skilled workers might find pathways like the Federal Skilled Worker Program under Express Entry more aligned with their qualifications, whereas those with Canadian work experience might consider the Canadian Experience Class. Additionally, different provinces offer various Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) tailored to their economic needs, which can be an alternative route to PR for those who wish to settle in a particular region.

The right choice not only increases your chances of a successful transition but also ensures a smoother process. It involves understanding the intricate requirements of each program, such as language proficiency, work experience, and education credentials, and how these align with your unique situation. Making an informed decision means taking a step closer to achieving your dream of becoming a permanent resident in Canada.

The main Routes from TR to PR in Canada

Transitioning from a Temporary Resident (TR) to a Permanent Resident (PR) in Canada is a path filled with diverse options, tailored to various profiles and needs.

One noteworthy initiative in this journey was the Temporary Public Policy called Temporary Resident to Permanent Resident Pathway (TR to PR Pathway). This program, which closed on November 6, 2021, provided a unique opportunity for many temporary residents to transition to permanent residency under specific conditions.

Although the TR to PR Pathway is no longer available, the journey from TR to PR remains open and accessible through various other immigration programs. These current programs are designed to cater to different circumstances and offer distinct advantages.

Below, we will explore the main current programs, highlighting why each might be an ideal fit depending on your personal and professional background, and outlining the unique features that differentiate them.

1. Canadian Experience Class (CEC):

  • Ideal for TRs including those who have gained Canadian work experience.
  • Requires a minimum of 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada, language proficiency, and plan to live outside Quebec.
  • The major advantage is that it recognizes the value of your Canadian work experience, potentially making the transition smoother.
  • As part of the EE program, being part of the International graduates with an ECA can give you additional points
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

2. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP):

  • Targets skilled workers with foreign work experience who wish to immigrate to Canada.
  • Points-based systems assess education, work experience, age, language skills, and other factors.
  • Suitable for those without Canadian work experience but with strong professional credentials in specific sectors.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

3. Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs):

  • Allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and who are interested in settling in a particular province.
  • Each PNP has its criteria, often targeting specific skills or job markets in the province.
  • Great option for those who have a strong tie to a particular province or a specific job offer.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)

4. French language proficiency  (Express Entry Category)

  • Allows French-speaking workers and students in Canada, who speak French, to apply through Express Entry in the “French language proficiency” category
  • It is the category with the lowest CRS scores in the history of Express Entry.
  • Workers and students must have French-language test results that show a minimum score of 7 in all 4 language abilities on the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Category-Based Express Entry Selection 2024

5. Quebec Experience Program (PEQ):

  • For those who have studied or worked in the province of Quebec.
  • Requirements include proving French language proficiency.
  • This program is unique due to Quebec’s distinct immigration policies.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Quebec Experience Program (PEQ)

6. Family Sponsorship:

  • Allows Canadian citizens or PRs to sponsor relatives, including spouses, partners, children, or certain other family members, for permanent residency.
  • It is a popular option for TRs with close family ties in Canada.
  • This pathway is less about the applicant’s professional profile and more about family reunification.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for Canada’s Sponsorship

7. Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP):

  • Designed for skilled workers and international graduates who want to live in one of Canada’s Atlantic Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island).
  • Candidates need a job offer from a designated employer in an Atlantic province.
  • AIP focuses on addressing the labour market needs in these specific regions.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Atlantic Immigration Program

8. Caregivers Program:

  • For individuals who have provided care for children, the elderly, or those with disabilities, in Canada.
  • Requires work experience as a caregiver and meets other criteria like language skills.
  • It’s specifically tailored to acknowledge the contribution of caregivers to Canadian families.
  • Please review the complete program requirements in the guide for the Caregivers Program

While these are the main and most popular programs for transitioning from TR to PR in Canada, it’s important to remember that each individual’s case is unique. Other options and pathways depend on specific circumstances, job market demands, and changing immigration policies. An in-depth evaluation of your situation and consultation with immigration professionals can help you identify the most suitable pathway to permanent residency in Canada.


If you’re interested in beginning your Canadian immigration journey through one of the TR to PR immigration programs, contact us today to register for a free consultation!


i want to immigrate to canada

Indira Duarte

Indira Duarte is a Marketing Specialist at Canadim Law Firm. She graduated from EAN University with a Master's degree in Digital Marketing. As a Colombian immigrant who has navigated various work cultures in the last 5 years, she possesses strong cross-cultural communication and collaboration skills. This proficiency enables her to connect with and assist fellow immigrants in accomplishing their aspirations of relocating to Canada.

Published by
Indira Duarte

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