Canadian Immigration 2017
Canadian Immigration Options for Nurses
Published on: March 21st, 2017
Last updated: July 15th, 2021
There are a lot of Canadian immigration options for nurses to choose from. As a nurse, you may be qualified to come to Canada as a skilled worker though one of the many economic immigration programs at both the federal and provincial level.
There are four major ways that you can come to Canada as a nurse:
- Express Entry
- Quebec Immigration
- Provincial Nominee Programs
In this article, we’ll provide a brief outline of each of the pathways to life in Canada. We’ll also address some of the eligibility requirements that nurses usually have to meet, such as the minimum IELTS score nurses require for Canadian immigration.
Nurses can qualify for Express Entry under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) if they meet the program requirements. They need to score 67 out of 100 possible points based on factors like their education, age, work experience, and language proficiency.
If they meet the minimum pass mark, they can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool. Once they’re in the pool, they receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score out of 1,200. Periodically, the highest ranking candidates in the Express Entry pool are issued Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence.
One of the greatest advantages to the Express Entry system is that there are no fees to submit your profile to the pool, and if you receive an ITA and submit an application for permanent residence, your application will probably be processed within six months.
The minimum IELTS score requirement for nurses in Express Entry depends on the individual’s complete profile. You need to score at least 6.0 in each of the four language abilities to be eligible for Express Entry, but you may need a different score to meet the 67 point pass mark. The two cases below show two different nurse’s profiles.
Learn more about Express Entry.
Priya has a Master’s in nursing from India, which her Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) indicates is equivalent to a Master’s degree in Canada. She’s 37 years old and has five years of work experience. When she took her IELTS last year, she scored a 7.0 in each language ability. See the table below for Priya’s FSW Points Breakdown:
|SELECTION FACTORS||PRIYA'S POINTS
|Work Experience||5 years||13
It appears that Priya is eligible to submit a profile to Express Entry, since she has passed the minimum 67/100 pass score. However, if Priya had only scored a 6.0 in each language ability, she would not qualify. That goes to show that meeting the minimum required IELTS score doesn’t always mean you will be eligible. The IELTS score that you need depends on your complete profile.
Jayson is a nurse from the Philippines. He has a Bachelor’s degree in nursing from the Philippines, which his Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) indicates is equivalent to a two year post-secondary degree in Canada. He is 28 years old, has six years of work experience, and scored 6.0 in each language ability on his IELTS. Jayson’s FSW Points Breakdown:
|Education||Post-secondary degree - 2 years||19
|Work Experience||6 years||15
Unfortunately, Jayson does not qualify for Express Entry under FSW. There are a couple of things that he can do to improve his score though:
- If Jayson has a spouse or partner, they could take a language test. If they score at least CLB 4, Jayson can claim 5 additional points, making him eligible for Express Entry.
- Jayson can retake his IELTS. If he can improve his score so that he can claim at least 21 points for his language proficiency, he’ll qualify for Express Entry.
- He can try to find a job in Canada. If he has a valid offer job offer waiting for him in Canada, he can claim 10 points under the “Arranged Employment” factor.
Nurses may also be eligible for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSW) if they score at least 50 points on the Quebec selection grid.
The QSW accepts applications from people residing in Quebec all year, but only opens up intake periods for international applicants a couple of times a year, with limited quotas. Recently, changes were also made to the Quebec selection grid that reduced the points that nurses, among other professionals, could claim for their education.
That said, if you are eligible for QSW and able to submit an application, there are some advantages to the program compared to Express Entry:
- There is no minimum required IELTS score. However, depending on your profile, you may need to have at least a certain score to qualify.
- You don’t need an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) for your degree.
- You don’t need settlement funds “show money”.
Learn more about Quebec immigration.
Provincial Nominee Programs
Another possible immigration option for nurses to immigrate to Canada is through a Provincial Nominee Program(PNP). PNPs are immigration programs run through a partnership between provincial governments and the federal government. Each province in Canada operates its own PNP with multiple streams, but every PNP leads to the same end result: Canadian permanent residence.
Some PNPs are only open to candidates who are already in the federal Express Entry pool. Receiving a nomination from one of these PNPs grants you an additional 600 CRS points, virtually guaranteeing you will receive an ITA.
Many PNPs require some kind of connection to the province operating it, like family residing there or having past experience studying or working in the province. Other PNPs are designed to address skills gaps in the province by accepting skilled workers with experience in occupations that are in-demand in the province.
The Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry category of the Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP), for example, is only open to candidates with an Express Entry profile who have experience in specific target occupations. Two of those targeted occupations are “Registered Nurses” and “Licensed Practical Nurses”. You can see a complete list of the targeted occupations here.
Learn more about PNPs.
Even if you aren’t currently eligible for any of the immigration options above, you may still be able to come to Canada. As an international student, you can build on your nursing degree to help advance your career, while living, studying, and even working in Canada.
Your Canadian education may even help increase your eligibility to immigrate permanently when you graduate. Keep in mind that Canadian immigration programs change all the time, so it’s impossible to guarantee that the eligibility criteria of any of the existing programs will be the same by the time you would graduate. That said, under the current system, a Canadian degree can make a world of difference.
For example, let’s look at Case #2: Jayson. If Jayson is unable to improve his FSW score, he could benefit from coming to Canada to study first. The second degree would let him claim additional points for his education, and his language proficiency would likely improve from living and studying in Canada. He would also be able to claim 5 additional points under “Adaptability Factors” for his past study in Canada. Since he is already only 5 points below the minimum passing score, he would definitely qualify for Express Entry after graduating.
You can check out all of the ways that a Canadian degree can lead to permanent residence in this article.
Learn more about Study-2-Immigrate.
As you can see, there are a lot of options to choose from to immigrate to Canada as a nurse. Finding out which ones you qualify for can be overwhelming. Luckily, our free online assessment tool can help you take the guess work out of your immigration process.
The Canadim Team!