The Ultimate Guide to Getting a Caregiver Visa Canada

Published on: November 23rd, 2023

Caregivers aspiring to make Canada their new home now have two dedicated immigration programs tailored to their needs.

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Launched in 2019, the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot provide a streamlined process for foreign caregivers to attain Canadian permanent residence.

Canada’s Two Pilot Immigration Programs for Caregivers

In response to the closure of the Interim Pathway for Caregivers, Canada introduced two innovative programs. The Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots aim to eliminate challenges faced by caregivers, allowing them to bring their close family members and follow a more straightforward route to Canadian permanent residence.

The government acknowledged previous shortcomings and implemented changes to ensure caregivers have a clear understanding of the process. Processing times, initially slow, received a boost in 2021 with a commitment to process at least 6,000 caregiver applications by the year’s end.

Streamlined Application Process

The Home Child Care Provider Pilot and the Home Support Worker Pilot provide caregivers with a clear trajectory from temporary to permanent status. As they accumulate the required two years of Canadian work experience, caregivers can seamlessly transition to permanent residence, ensuring a quick and straightforward process.

Under the new pilots, caregivers will receive a work permit only after securing a job offer in Canada and meeting standard criteria for economic immigration programs. With occupation-specific work permits, caregivers have the flexibility to change employers swiftly when necessary.

These programs also offer open work permits and study permits for immediate family members, facilitating the reunification of families in Canada.

Requirements for Caregivers in Canada

Home Child Care Provider Pilot

The Home Child Care Provider Pilot welcomes individuals with experience in Home Child Care (NOC 4411). Launched on June 18th, 2019, this program accepts a maximum of 2,750 candidates and their immediate families annually.

Home Support Worker Pilot

Designed for individuals with experience as Home Support Workers (NOC 4412), the Home Support Worker Pilot opened on June 18th, 2019. Like its counterpart, it accepts a maximum of 2,750 candidates and their immediate families each year.

For more information about the program, please visit the Guides for Caregiver Programs: Home Support Worker Pilot and the Home Child Care Provider Pilot

Steps to Obtain a Caregiver Visa in Canada

Embarking on the journey to become a caregiver in Canada can be challenging. Whether you’re considering the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot, the process involves several crucial steps. Let’s delve into the eight essential steps that pave the way to securing a caregiver visa in the Great White North.

  1. Select the Right Program: The first crucial decision is to choose between the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and the Home Support Worker Pilot, based on your education and experience. Your selection should align with the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes relevant to each program.
  2. Choose the Correct Category: Your work experience plays a pivotal role in determining the category under which you should apply. If you have less than 12 months of experience in Canada, opt for the Gaining Experience category. On the other hand, if you have 12 or more months of qualifying work experience within the last 36 months, the Direct to Permanent Residence Category is your path.
  3. Secure a Genuine Job Offer: Having a valid job offer in Canada is a prerequisite. Numerous online platforms can aid you in finding caregiver positions. Whether through specialized caregiver job boards or general employment platforms, a genuine job offer is your key to moving forward.
  4. Demonstrate Your Capability: Gather evidence of your experience in the specified NOC occupations for the program you selected. This step involves showcasing your ability to fulfill the responsibilities of the caregiver role.
  5. Language Proficiency: Undertake a language test to demonstrate your language skills. For both English and French, you need to achieve a minimum language level of CLB 5 or NLCL 5 across all four language skills: writing, reading, listening, and speaking.
  6. Meet Education Requirements: Ensure you meet the education criteria. A completed post-secondary education credential of at least one year in Canada is mandatory. If your education is from abroad, undergo an assessment to prove its equivalence to a Canadian post-secondary education credential of at least one year.
  7. Admissibility to Canada: Confirm your admissibility to Canada. This step involves meeting health and security standards, ensuring you are eligible to enter and stay in the country.
  8. Choose Your Permanent Residence Location: If your goal is to become a permanent resident, plan to live outside the province of Quebec. This is a crucial aspect of the process, aligning with the specific requirements for caregiver visa holders.

Embarking on the journey to becoming a caregiver in Canada requires careful navigation through these eight essential steps. By following this roadmap, you can increase your chances of successfully obtaining a caregiver visa and fulfilling your aspirations in the Canadian landscape.

Sponsoring Caregivers in Canada through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program

The Temporary Foreign Worker Program is designed to address short-term skills and labour shortages, allowing families in Canada to hire foreign caregivers to provide care in private residences to children, seniors, or individuals with certified medical needs.

This program, under specific criteria set by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)/Service Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), mandates that caregivers work full-time (a minimum of 30 hours per week) in the household where care is provided.

Families or private household employers can hire foreign workers on a live-in or live-out basis, categorizing them into two groups: caregivers for children (under 18 years of age) and caregivers for individuals with high medical needs.

The program is meant to be utilized only when Canadians and permanent residents are unavailable for these roles.

Can I Employ My Relative as a Caregiver in Canada?

Hiring a relative as a caregiver in Canada can be a complex process, and there are certain restrictions in place to ensure fair and transparent immigration practices.

The caregiver should meet the eligibility criteria for the specific caregiver program they are applying for, and there might be additional requirements and considerations.

If you are considering sponsoring a relative as a caregiver, it’s advisable to seek guidance from an immigration consultant or lawyer who can provide up-to-date and accurate information based on your specific situation. They can help you understand the current regulations and navigate the application process effectively.

Closed Caregiver Programs in Canada

Keep in mind that these historical initiatives have served their purpose and are no longer active. For the most up-to-date and relevant information, we recommend focusing on the current caregiver visa options mentioned before to make informed decisions about your immigration journey.

List of previous programs for caregivers.

  1. Live-In Caregiver Program
  2. Caring for Children Pathway
  3. Caring for People with High Medical Needs Pathway
  4. Interim Pathway for Caregivers

For more in-depth details about previously closed Caregivers programs, read our post: Past Caregiver Programs.

The Path to Permanent Residence for Caregivers

In summary, Canada’s commitment to caregivers is evident in the thoughtfully designed Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots. These programs not only address past inefficiencies but also provide caregivers with a clear, direct path to permanent residence. Aspiring caregivers can now embark on their Canadian journey with confidence, knowing that Canada values and supports those who care for its loved ones.

Also, the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and the Home Support Worker Pilot stand out as the path to permanent residence for caregivers in Canada due to their strategic design and inclusive policies.

These programs acknowledge the invaluable contributions of caregivers to Canadian society by offering distinct categories that cater to varying levels of work experience. The Gaining Experience and Direct to Permanent Residence categories provide flexibility based on the caregiver’s tenure in the country, ensuring that newcomers and those with substantial Canadian experience have a viable route to permanent residency. Furthermore, the requirement of a genuine job offer underscores the commitment to securing meaningful employment. The emphasis on language proficiency and educational credentials ensures that caregivers are equipped with the essential skills to integrate successfully into Canadian society.

These programs not only address the immediate labour needs of caregivers but also recognize their long-term value by offering a clear and comprehensive pathway to becoming permanent residents in the welcoming mosaic of Canada.


Ready to start your caregiver visa journey? Find out if you qualify by filling out our online assessment today!

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