Overview of the Biggest Cities in Canada for Newcomers

Published on: June 14th, 2024

Canada’s biggest cities offer a rich blend of historic landmarks, modern architecture, and year-round activities. From world-class museums to vibrant festivals, these urban centers provide an unparalleled quality of life and endless opportunities for newcomers.

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Whether you’re looking for job opportunities, moving with your family, finding educational institutions, or cultural experiences we have listed here the top biggest cities in Canada and their principal characteristics, take a look, these cities have it all!


List of the Biggest Canadian Cities in Terms of Population Size

1Toronto2.93 million
2Montreal1.78 million
3Calgary1.24 million
4Ottawa1 million

Mapping Out Canada’s Biggest Cities


Canada’s major cities are spread across the country’s vast landscape, each offering a unique geographical charm. From the bustling streets of Toronto in the east to the scenic coastal beauty of Vancouver in the west, these cities are hubs of culture, history, and modern living


1. Toronto, Ontario

As Canada’s largest city, Toronto is one of the most preferred cities for newcomers. This city offers extensive job opportunities, world-class education institutions, and a wide range of cultural and recreational activities. Its inclusive atmosphere and dynamic urban lifestyle make Toronto an attractive destination for people from all over the world looking to start a new chapter.

  • Location: Southern Ontario, along Lake Ontario.
  • Area: 630.2 square kilometres.
  • Population: Approx. 2.93 million.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 26°C (July), Lowest temperature: -6°C (January).

2. Montreal, Quebec

Established in 1642, Montreal is one of North America’s oldest cities and the largest French-speaking city in North America. This city it offers a unique blend of European charm and North American dynamism. Newcomers are charmed by its lively festivals, renowned culinary scene, and historic neighbourhoods, making it an exciting place to live and explore.

  • Location: Southwestern Quebec, on the Island of Montreal.
  • Area: 431.5 square kilometres.
  • Population: Approx. 1.78 million.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 26°C (July), Lowest temperature: -14°C (January).

3. Calgary, Alberta

Calgary attracts newcomers with its booming economy and proximity to the breathtaking Rocky Mountains. Known as the heart of Canada’s oil industry, it offers abundant job opportunities and a high standard of living. The city’s vibrant cultural scene, exemplified by events like the Calgary Stampede, and its welcoming community make it a top choice for those seeking a balanced urban and outdoor lifestyle.

  • Location: Southern Alberta, near the Rocky Mountains.
  • Area: 825.3 square kilometres.
  • Population: Approx. 1.24 million.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 23°C (July), Lowest temperature: -14°C (January).

4. Ottawa, Ontario

Ottawa is Canada’s capital and appeals to newcomers with its blend of historical significance and modern amenities. The city offers excellent job prospects, particularly in government and technology sectors, and boasts some of the country’s best museums and cultural institutions. Its colourful landscapes, including the Rideau Canal, and bilingual environment provide a unique living experience that combines tradition and innovation.

  • Location: Eastern Ontario, on the Ottawa River.
  • Area: 2,790 square kilometres.
  • Population: Approx. 1 million.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 26°C (July), Lowest temperature: -15°C (January).

5. Winnipeg, Manitoba

Winnipeg, known for its rich cultural diversity and affordable living, is an inviting city for newcomers. The city’s strong arts scene, highlighted by the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra and numerous festivals, provides a vibrant cultural life. With its friendly community, growing economy, and unique attractions like The Forks, Winnipeg offers a warm and welcoming environment for new residents.

  • Location: Southern Manitoba.
  • Area: 464.08 square kilometres.
  • Population: Approx. 705,244.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 26°C (July), Lowest temperature: -21°C (January).

6. Edmonton, Alberta

Edmonton, with its rich history and dynamic arts community, is a welcoming city for newcomers. Often referred to as “The Festival City,” it boasts a lively calendar of cultural events and festivals year-round. The city’s strong economy, driven by the energy sector, along with its friendly neighbourhoods and affordable living, makes it an attractive destination for individuals and families alike.

  • Location: Central Alberta.
  • Area: 684 square kilometers.
  • Population: Approx. 981,280.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 23°C (July), Lowest temperature: -15°C (January).

5. Vancouver, British Columbia

Vancouver captivates newcomers with its stunning natural beauty, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Coastal Mountain range. Its mild climate, outdoor recreational opportunities, and eco-friendly lifestyle make it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts. The city’s diverse population and thriving tech industry further enhance its appeal to those seeking both professional and personal fulfillment.

  • Location: Southwestern British Columbia, on the Pacific coast.
  • Area: 115 square kilometers.
  • Population: Approx. 675,218.
  • Average Weather: Highest temperature: 22°C (July), Lowest temperature: 1°C (January).



Learning about the biggest cities in Canada, in terms of population and opportunities, is a crucial step for any newcomer planning to move. With so much to offer, from job prospects to cultural experiences, these cities provide a welcoming environment for people from all walks of life. As you embark on this exciting journey, it’s important to gather as much information as possible about Canada, including its vibrant urban centers, to make the best decision for your future.

We publish daily articles with in-depth information about Canadian cities, the benefits they offer for newcomers, and a wealth of other resources to help you settle in smoothly. Make sure to register to receive our latest publications and stay up to date with the latest Canadian immigration information for newcomers.


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