Is Canada Always Cold? No! – Dispelling Common Myths About Canada

Published on: December 6th, 2023
Last updated: December 8th, 2023

Discovering the true nature of Canada involves dispelling a series of common myths that often shape outsiders’ perceptions of this vast and diverse country.


Canada’s reality extends far beyond the stereotypes, from misconceptions about its climate to language capabilities, the healthcare system, and even its national dish.

In the following blog post, we debunk ten prevalent myths about Canada, shedding light on the country’s varied climates, linguistic diversity, healthcare system intricacies, and cultural nuances. As we navigate these misconceptions, a more accurate and nuanced understanding of Canada’s identity emerges, showcasing its rich tapestry of landscapes, languages, and traditions.

Myth #1: Is Canada super cold and snowy all year round? 

You can’t deny that winters in most northern Canadian cities are long and brutal. However, that doesn’t mean winter never ends, and the weather is the same everywhere in Canada.

Canada is the second-largest country in the world, so the weather varies significantly by location.

For instance, Toronto has a humid continental climate with cold winters and hot summers,  In Toronto, you can experience the lowest temperatures of around -10 to -15 degrees Celsius (14 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit) in the winter, and the summers can reach highs of 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) or more. 

Meanwhile, Vancouver has a moderate oceanic climate, occasionally bordering on a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, where average winter temperatures don’t drop below freezing. Vancouver summers can see highs around 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher. 

And finally, Montreal, with its humid continental climate, can experience even colder winters than Toronto, with temperatures often dropping to -20 degrees Celsius or lower, while summers can be warm, reaching highs of around 25 to 32 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).


Myth #2: Everyone in Canada is bilingual (English and French). 

In theory, Canada is a bilingual English and French country. However, in practice, French is mostly spoken in Quebec, the only Canadian province that has declared itself unilingual in French.

Only 9% of Anglophones can speak French, making the likelihood of holding a French conversation outside of Quebec slim. Bilingualism is prevalent in another way: many Canadians speak two or more languages due to being first-generation immigrants or having a non-English-speaking background.


Myth #3: Healthcare in Canada is free. 

The myth that healthcare in Canada is entirely free is a common misconception that warrants clarification. While it is true that Canadians typically do not receive direct bills for medical services, it is important to understand the nuances of the healthcare system.

Canada’s healthcare is publicly funded, meaning it is financed through taxes. While essential medical services are covered, there are limitations.

Costs related to dental care, prescription medications, and certain elective procedures may not be included, leaving individuals responsible for these expenses.

Thus, while the healthcare system in Canada provides essential services without immediate out-of-pocket expenses, it is not entirely free, and Canadians contribute to it through their tax contributions.


Myth #4: The Capital Is Toronto. 

There is a common misconception that the capital of Canada is Toronto; however, this is incorrect.

Ottawa, situated in the province of Ontario near the border with Quebec, was selected as the capital in 1857 by Queen Victoria to establish a more geographically central location and alleviate tensions between English-speaking and French-speaking communities.

Ottawa also houses important national institutions, including the Parliament of Canada.


Myth #5: People in Canada live in igloos, surrounded by polar bears and moose. 

The myth that people in Canada live in igloos surrounded by polar bears and moose is a humorous and inaccurate stereotype about the country. In reality, Canada is a diverse and modern nation with a wide range of climates and landscapes.

While indigenous peoples in the Arctic may have historically built igloos for shelter, the majority of Canadians live in houses, apartments, and other conventional dwellings.

Polar bears are not a common sight in most parts of Canada, as they primarily inhabit the Arctic regions.
Similarly, moose are found in certain areas, but they are wild animals that inhabit forests and rural regions, not urban areas.


Myth #6: Everyone plays and watches hockey. 

Contrary to the widespread belief that everyone in Canada plays and watches hockey, this is, in fact, a myth.

While hockey holds a significant place in Canadian culture and is deeply cherished, not every Canadian is a devoted fan or participant in the sport. Many Canadians have never picked up a hockey stick and may not actively follow the game.

The idea that the entire nation revolves around hockey, with everyone playing and watching, oversimplifies the diverse interests and preferences of the population. While hockey undoubtedly holds a special place in Canadian hearts, it is essential to recognize the individuality of Canadians and their varied interests beyond this iconic sport.


Myth #7: Poutine is the National Food of Canada. 

While poutine is a beloved and iconic Canadian dish, it does not hold the official status of being the national food.

Canada is a vast and culturally diverse country with a rich culinary heritage that extends beyond a single dish.
Poutine, consisting of french fries topped with cheese curds and smothered in gravy, is particularly associated with the province of Quebec, where it originated.

However, Canada’s culinary landscape encompasses a wide range of regional specialties and cultural influences.

Maple syrup, for example, is often considered a more fitting symbol of Canadian cuisine and is widely recognized as a significant part of the country’s culinary identity.


Debunking these common myths about Canada is crucial, especially for newcomers seeking to understand and integrate into this diverse and vast nation. By dispelling stereotypes, individuals gain a more accurate and nuanced perspective, allowing them to navigate Canadian life with greater cultural awareness.

While these myths may persist, it is essential to recognize that Canada is a country of varied climates, languages, and lifestyles. Living and experiencing life in Canada firsthand provides an invaluable opportunity to appreciate the rich tapestry of its culture, understand the nuances of its regions, and forge meaningful connections with its people.

Embracing the reality of Canada’s complexity, beyond the misconceptions, is an integral part of fostering a genuine understanding and appreciation for the country’s multifaceted identity.


Embark on your journey to Canada’s diverse and welcoming shores! Begin by filling out our online assessment to discover your personalized immigration path and take the first step toward a brighter future in this vibrant and multicultural nation.



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