The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is how candidates are ranked against each other in the Express Entry pool. It assigns a score out of 1200 to every candidate in the pool. Periodically, top-ranking candidates will be issued invitations to apply for permanent residence.

There are three programs currently managed by the Express Entry system:

If you are eligible for one of the programs currently managed by the Express Entry system, you can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool. You are assigned a CRS score based on your profile, and ranked against all other candidates in the pool regardless of the program for which they are eligible.

That means that, if you are eligible for Canadian Experience Class, you are competing directly against candidates who are eligible for CEC, FSW, or FST.

The Comprehensive Ranking System can be divided into three parts:

  1. Core Human Capital (Skills and Experience): 500/1200
  2. Skills Transferability: 100/1200
  3. Additional Factors: 600/1200

Core Human Capital Factors (500 / 1200)

Factors

Points per factor - With a spouse or common-law partnerPoints per factor - Without a spouse or common-law partner

Age

100110

Level of education

140150

Official languages proficiency

150160

Canadian work experience

7080

*If you are applying with a spouse or common-law partner, you can also claim points for their level of education, language proficiency, and Canadian work experience.

Spouse or common-law partner factors

Factors

Points per factor

Level of education

10

Official language proficiency

20

Canadian work experience

10

*Core Human Capital + Spouse or common-law partner factors = Maximum 500 points (with or without a spouse or common-law partner)

Skill Transferability (100 / 1200)

Education

Points per factor
Maximum 50 points

With good/strong official languages proficiency and a post-secondary degree

50

With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree

50

Foreign work experience

Points per factor
Maximum 50 points

With good/strong official languages proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark [CLB] level 7 or higher) and foreign work experience

50

With Canadian work experience and foreign work experience

50

Certificate of qualification (for people in trade occupations)

Points per factor
Maximum 50 points

With good/strong official languages proficiency and a certificate of qualification

50

*Core Human Capital + Spouse or common-law partner factors + Skills Transferability = Maximum 600 points

Additional Points (600 / 1200)

Factors

Maximum points per factor

Brother or sister living in Canada (citizen or permanent resident)

15

French Language Skills

30

Post-secondary education in Canada

30

Arranged employment

200

Provincial nomination

600

*Core Human Capital + Spouse or common-law partner factors + Skills Transferability + Additional Points = Maximum 1,200 points

CORE HUMAN CAPITAL (500/1200)

You may be able to claim up to 500 points under ‘Core Human Capital’. The points under this category are calculated differently depending on whether you are applying with or without a spouse or common-law partner.

Age

With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Maximum Points

100

110

17 or less

00

18

9099

19

95105

20 to 29

100110

30

95105

31

9099

32

8594

33

8088

34

7583

35

7077

36

6572

37

6066

38

5561

39

5055

40

4550

41

3539

42

2528

43

1517

44

56

45 or more

00

Level of Education

With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Maximum Points

140

150

Less than secondary school (high school)

00

Secondary diploma (high school graduation)

2830

One-year degree, diploma or certificate from a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute

8490

Two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute

9198

Bachelor's degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute

112120

Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years

119128

Master's degree, OR professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree,” the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.)

126135

Doctoral level university degree (Ph.D.)

140150

FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability

With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Maximum Points

128

136

Less than CLB 4

00

CLB 4 or 5

66

CLB 6

89

CLB 7

1617

CLB 8

2223

CLB 9

2931

CLB 10 or more

3234

SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

You are not required to complete a language test in a second official language. However, you do have the option to do so to claim more CRS points.

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability

With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Maximum Points

22

24

CLB 4 or less

00

CLB 5 or 6

11

CLB 7 or 8

33

CLB 9 or more

66

HOW DO I CALCULATE MY LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY SCORE?

Points for language proficiency are calculated based on the results of a language test. There are three authorized tests which evaluate your language proficiency across four abilities:

  1. Reading
  2. Writing
  3. Listening
  4. Speaking

You will receive a grade for each language ability, which can be converted into a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level. Points are assigned for each ability. For example, if you score:

  1. Reading: CLB 8 (22/23 points)
  2. Writing: CLB 7 (16/17 points)
  3. Listening: CLB 7 (16/17 points)
  4. Speaking: CLB 9 (29/31 points)

You would be able to claim 83 CRS points (if applying with a spouse or common-law partner) or 88 CRS points (if applying alone).

Canadian Work Experience

With a spouse or common-law partnerWithout a spouse or common-law partner
Maximum Points

70

80

None or less than a year

00

1 year

3540

2 years

4653

3 years

5664

4 years

6372

5 years or more

7080

If you are applying with your spouse or common-law partner, you may be able to claim up to 40 points for their level of education, official language proficiency, and Canadian work experience.

Level of education

Points
Maximum Points

10

Less than secondary school (high school)

0

Secondary school (high school graduation)

2

One-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute

6

Two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical in school, or other institute

7

Bachelor's degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute

8

Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years

9

Master's degree, or professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree”, the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.)

10

Doctoral level university degree (PhD)

10

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability

Points
Maximum Points

5

CLB 4 or less

0

CLB 5 or 6

1

CLB 7 or 8

3

CLB 9 or more

5

Canadian Work Experience

Points
Maximum Points

10

None or less than a year

0

1 year

5

2 years

7

3 years

8

4 years

9

5 years or more

10

SKILL TRANSFERABILITY (100/1200)

You may be able to claim up to 100 points under ‘Skills Transferability’. Points under this category are awarded if you have post-secondary education or foreign work experience, and good official language proficiency or Canadian work experience. You may also be able to claim points if you have a certificate of qualification for a trade occupation in Canada and good official language proficiency.

Education


With good official language proficiency (CLB 7 or higher)

Points for CLB 7 or more on all first official language abilities, with one or more under CLB 9Points for CLB 9 or more on all four first official language abilities
Maximum Points

25

50

Secondary school (high school) credential or less

00

Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer

1325

Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer

2550

Education


With Canadian work experience

1 year of Canadian work experience2 years or more of Canadian work experience
Maximum Points

25

50

Secondary school (high school) credential or less

00

Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer

1325

Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer

2550

Foreign Work Experience


With good official language proficiency (CLB 7 or higher)

CLB 7 or more on all first official language abilities, one or more under 9CLB 9 or more on all four first official language abilities
Maximum Points

25

50

No foreign work experience

00

1 or 2 years of foreign work experience

1325

3 years or more of foreign work experience

2550

Foreign Work Experience


With Canadian work experience

1 year of Canadian work experience2 years or more of Canadian work experience
Maximum Points

25

50

No foreign work experience

00

1 or 2 years of foreign work experience

1325

3 years or more of foreign work experience

2550

Certificate of Qualification


With good official language proficiency (CLB 5 or higher)

CLB 5 or more on all first official language abilities, one or more under 7CLB 7 or more on all four first official language abilities
Maximum Points

25

50

With a certificate of qualification

2550

ADDITIONAL POINTS (600/1200)

You may be able to claim up to 600 points under ‘Additional Factors’ if you have:

  • A brother or sister living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident
  • High French language skills
  • A nomination from a Canadian province
  • A valid job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Canadian educational credentials

Additional Points

Points
Maximum Points

600

Brother or sister living in Canad who is a citizen or permanent resident of Canada

15

Scored NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills and scored CLB 4 or lower in English (or didn't take an English test)

15

Scored NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills and scored CLB 5 or higher on all four English skills

30

Post-secondary education in Canada - credential of one or two years

15

Post-secondary education in Canada - credential three years or longer

30

Arranged employment - NOC 00

200

Arranged employment – any other NOC 0, A or B

50

Provincial or territorial nomination

600

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