How Does Canada Verify Work Experience for Immigration?

Published on: March 21st, 2022
Last updated: March 29th, 2022

When applying for Canadian permanent residence, immigration officers may use several methods to verify your work experience history.

Find out if you're eligible to immigrate to Canada

After you’ve submitted your application for permanent residence, Immigration, Refugee, Citizenship Canada (IRCC) confirms all the information provided. For most economic immigration applications, like Express Entry, you will need to provide supporting documentation for your work experience history.

Here are some ways IRCC may verify the information you’ve provided:

Reference letter

In general, when submitting an economic immigration application, you will need to provide documentation that supports each period of work experience for the last ten years. The best way to demonstrate your work experience is through a reference letter from your employer. A reference letter for immigration is not the same as a reference letter when applying for a job. For more information on what to include in your letter, visit our dedicated blog post.

If you are self-employed, a reference letter is not sufficient. Instead, you will need to provide documents such as:

  • Articles of incorporation or other evidence of business ownership
  • Proof of self-employed income
  • Documentation from third parties confirming your services (including payment details)

Call your workplace

When verifying your work experience, Canadian immigration officers may call your employer to confirm the details included in your application. However, it is not certain that IRCC will contact your employer; this will always be at the discretion of the individual officer reviewing your case.

Verify the business registration information

Immigration officers may also verify your employer’s business registration documents when confirming your employment history. During this process, they may check details such as the business address and contact information to ensure there are no red flags (ex. residential address provided for business address, private email address included with contact information).

Confirm your NOC code

To determine whether you meet the requirements of an economic immigration program, an immigration officer will need to confirm your NOC code. To do so, they will review the duties included in your reference letter against the main duties of your selected NOC code.

It is important to note that, if the duties your employer provides in your reference letter are verbatim from the NOC code, it will likely raise red flags to the immigration officer. The letter should include a genuine and detailed list of the duties that you carried out in your role at the company.

Request additional documentation

If, during their verification process, immigration officers require more information on your work experience, they may issue a request for additional documentation. The documentation that IRCC requests will depend on what you have already submitted, and your individual situation.

Verifying Canadian work experience

When verifying Canadian work experience, immigration officers will likely request your tax documents (T4s, Notice of Assessments). This will help the officer determine that the work experience in Canada was not self-employed. Self-employed Canadian work experience is not considered toward Canadian Experience Class eligibility.

Candidates with Canadian work experience should also provide a copy of their work and study permits. This will help the officer confirm whether you carried out your work on valid authorization, and not while engaging in full-time studies.

What happens if I don’t include a reference letter with my application?

If you fail to provide a reference letter that verifies your work history, IRCC may return your application to you as incomplete. Once you submit your application for permanent residence, it is subject to a completeness check. During the completeness check, the immigration officer will go through to ensure all supporting documents are provided and complete. If the officer returns your application as incomplete, you will need to submit your application again. If you’re applying through Express Entry, this may mean waiting to receive another Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Note: A personal affidavit attesting to your own work experience is not valid proof. If you submit a personal affidavit in place of sufficient proof, IRCC may return your application as incomplete.

Misrepresenting information

Writing your own reference letter, or providing fraudulent documentation is considered misrepresentation. Misrepresentation is a serous charge and could result in a five-year ban from Canada. It is important to be honest and forthright on your immigration application to avoid complications during your immigration process.


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