Is French a Requirement for Quebec Immigration?

Published on: July 17th, 2018
Last updated: December 5th, 2023

Quebec, a very unique province in Canada, boasts the distinction of being the only one with French as its official language. Home to the country’s second-largest city, Montreal, Quebec stands out for its rich cultural heritage and linguistic diversity. With a distinct identity and a vibrant blend of history and modernity, Quebec offers a truly unique Canadian experience.

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French holds a significant role in Quebec, serving as the official language deeply woven into the region’s cultural tapestry. With a history rooted in French colonization, Quebec takes immense pride in its linguistic heritage.

The majority of Quebec’s population converses in French, and various aspects of daily life, including government services and education, are conducted in the language. Preserving French is crucial for Quebecois identity, creating a distinct cultural environment that sets the province apart from the rest of Canada. Therefore, for those considering immigration to Quebec, acquiring an intermediate level of French is not just practical but essential for seamless integration into the community and unlocking diverse opportunities.

Furthermore, proficiency in French is a prerequisite for successful social and professional integration in Quebec. Many job opportunities in the province demand a strong command of the French language, facilitating effective communication in the workplace and with clients. Beyond the professional sphere, a grasp of French is vital for navigating daily life, from interacting with neighbors to understanding official documents and participating in community activities.

The Quebec government actively promotes language integration, offering support and resources for newcomers to enhance their French language skills. Thus, possessing an intermediate level of French not only opens doors to employment and social engagement but also signifies a dedication to embracing the cultural and linguistic diversity defining Quebec.

But what level of French proficiency is required?

The level of French proficiency required to immigrate to Quebec in Canada can vary depending on the immigration program you choose. Generally, many immigration programs, especially those managed by the Quebec government, will require a minimum to medium level of proficiency in the French language.

Québec Immigration Programs

Regular Skilled Worker Program (RSWP)

This program is open to people with professional work experience. This program selects applicants based on a points system, being able to speak French will help you gain valuable points and increase your chances of being selected.

RSWP applicants must exhibit specific levels of proficiency in the French language:

  • Adult candidates employed in a NOC skill level 0, 1, or 2 profession should display level 7 oral and level 5 written proficiency.
  • Adult candidates engaged in a NOC skill level 3, 4, or 5 profession are required to demonstrate level 5 oral proficiency.

Québec Experience Program (PEQ)

Another popular Québec immigration program is the Québec Experience Program (PEQ). This program allows graduates of certain educational programs in Québec to apply for permanent residence. Temporary foreign workers in the province can also apply for permanent residence through the PEQ.  In order to qualify for the PEQ, you must have at least an advanced intermediate level of proficiency in the French language.

Temporary Foreign Workers Stream

Proficiency in spoken French equivalent to a minimum of level 7 on the Québec scale of French proficiency levels is required. This level encompasses both oral comprehension and oral production skills.

Québec Graduates Stream

A proficiency in spoken French at least at level 7 on the Québec scale of French proficiency levels is mandatory. This level encompasses both oral comprehension and oral production skills. Additionally, a proficiency in written French equivalent to at least level 5 on the Québec scale is necessary, covering reading comprehension and written production skills.

Other Permanent Immigration Pilot Programs: Orderlies, Workers in Food Processing,Workers in the Artificial Intelligence, Information Technologies and Visual Effects Sectors.

These pilot initiatives are tailored for individuals with international experience, whether currently employed in Quebec or holding a job offer within the province, particularly within the NOC codes specified in each program’s requirements. This allows them to apply for permanent settlement in Québec.

Individuals meeting the outlined conditions of each program are eligible to submit applications for permanent selection, ultimately leading to the acquisition of a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). Fulfilling these criteria involves, among other requirements, demonstrating a spoken French proficiency at level 7 on the Échelle québécoise des Niveaux de Compétence en Français or its equivalent.

Other Programs for Business Immigration to Québec

Québec also has several immigration streams based on business, investment or entrepreneurship. These programs encourage potential immigrants who want to start, buy, or invest in businesses in Québec to come to the province.

While possessing French language skills enhances the chances of being selected for these programs by earning additional points, it is not obligatory for applicants to have proficiency in spoken or written French. They can apply solely by achieving high scores in the other categories.


Is Learning French Important?

As mentioned earlier, most people in Quebec take a great deal of pride in the province’s French language and culture. The majority of the population speaks French fluently. Additionally, almost all street signs in the province are written only in French.

Therefore, knowing at least a little French can be a huge asset for living in the province. It’s not required to successfully immigrate to Quebec, but learning this beautiful language isn’t a bad idea!



If you’re considering immigrating to Quebec or any Canadian province, take our free assessment to see how the Canadim team can help you!

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